Jump to content

ATR 72

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

ATR 72
Firefly ATR 72
Role Turboprop regional airliner
National origin France/Italy
Manufacturer ATR
First flight 27 October 1988
Introduction 27 October 1989 (Finnair)
Status In production, In service
Primary users Wings Air
Azul Linhas Aereas
Air New Zealand
Produced 1988–present
Number built 1,800 as of 23 October 2023[1]
Developed from ATR 42
Developed into ATR 52 (not built)

The ATR 72 is a twin-engine turboprop, short-haul regional airliner developed and produced in France and Italy by aircraft manufacturer ATR (French: Avions de transport régional or Italian: Aerei da Trasporto Regionale), a joint venture formed by French aerospace company Aérospatiale (now part of Airbus) and Italian aviation conglomerate Aeritalia (now Leonardo S.p.A.). The number "72" in its name is derived from the aircraft's typical standard seating capacity of 72 passengers.

During the 1980s, French aerospace company Aérospatiale and Italian aviation conglomerate Aeritalia merged their work on a new generation of regional aircraft. A new jointly owned company, ATR, was established to develop, manufacture, and market their first airliner, which was later designated as the ATR 42. On 16 August 1984, the first model of the series, designated as the ATR 42-300, performed the type's maiden flight. During the mid-1980s, the ATR 72 was developed as a stretched variant of the ATR 42. On 27 October 1989, Finnish airline Finnair became the first airline to operate the type in revenue service. The ATR 72 has also been used as a corporate transport, cargo aircraft, and maritime patrol aircraft.

To date, all of the ATR series have been completed at the company's final assembly line in Toulouse, France; ATR benefits from sharing resources and technology with Airbus SE, which has continued to hold a 50% interest in the company. Successive models of the ATR 72 have been developed. Typical updates have included new avionics, such as a glass cockpit, and the adoption of newer engine versions to deliver enhanced performance, such as increased efficiency and reliability and reductions in operating costs. The aircraft shares a high degree of commonality with the smaller ATR 42, which remains in production as of January 2023.



An ATR 72 of Finnair, its launch operator

During the mid-1980s, ATR sought to introduce a larger airliner with increased capacity over its earlier products.[2] This new regional airliner, designated as the ATR 72, was directly developed from the earlier ATR 42 and had much in common with it; the principal difference between the two airliners was an increase in the maximum seating capacity from 48 to 78 passengers. This was principally achieved by stretching the fuselage by 4.5 m (15 ft), along with an increase of the wingspan, the use of more powerful engines, and increased fuel capacity by about 10%.

On 15 January 1986, the launch of the stretched ATR 72 programme was announced.[2] On 27 October 1988, the first prototype performed its maiden flight. One year later, on 25 September 1989, the ATR 72 received airworthiness certification from the French Directorate General for Civil Aviation. During the following month, on 27 October 1989, Finnish airline Finnair became the first airline to introduce the aircraft into service.[2] Since the ATR 72 is assembled on the same production line as the smaller ATR 42, along with sharing the majority of subsystems, components, and manufacturing techniques, the two types support each other to remain in production. This factor may have been crucial as, by 2015, the ATR 42 was the only 50-seat regional aircraft that was still being manufactured.[3][4]

During 2000, the combined global ATR fleet reached its 10,000,000th flight, during which a distance around 4 billion km (2.5 billion statute miles) had been flown and around 450 million passengers had flown on board ATR-built aircraft.[5] The 2007 production set a new record for the programme's sales; a total of 113 new ATR aircraft had been ordered during a single year.[2] By the end of 2014, ATR had received 1,000 orders for the type and delivered a total of 754, leaving a backlog of 246 aircraft.[6][needs update]

Within the ATR company, various organisational changes were implemented. On 10 July 1998, ATR launched its new Asset Management Department.[5] In June 2001, EADS and Alenia Aeronautica, ATR's parent companies, decided to reinforce their partnership, regrouping all industrial activities related to regional airliners into the ATR consortium.[2] On 3 October 2003, ATR became one of the first aircraft manufacturers to be certified under ISO 9001-2000 and EN/AS/JISQ 9100, the worldwide quality standard for the aeronautics industry. During July 2004, ATR and Brazilian aircraft manufacturer Embraer announced a co-operation agreement on the AEROChain Portal for the purpose of delivering improved customer service.[2] During April 2009, ATR announced the launch of its 'Door-2-Door' service as a new option in its comprehensive customer services range.[2] In 2017, the 72-600 unit cost was US$26 million.[7]

Further development[edit]

The ATR 72-600 was launched on 2 October 2007.

As of October 2007, the current production version is the ATR 72-600 series. On 2 October 2007, ATR CEO Stéphane Mayer announced the launch of the -600 series aircraft; the ATR 42-600 and ATR 72-600 featured various improvements to increase efficiency, dispatch reliability, lower fuel burn and operating costs. While broadly similar to the earlier -500 model; differences include the adoption of improved PW127M engines, a new glass cockpit, and a variety of other minor improvements.[8][9]

Since 2008, ATR has been a participant in the European Clean Sky Joint Technology Initiative. On 8 July 2015, an ATR 72-600 'green' technology demonstrator performed its first flight; the demonstrator was used for testing new composite materials for insulation, air conditioning systems, electrical distribution systems, and energy dispersal modifications to evaluate their effect on the aircraft's overall efficiency as a contribution to the Clean Sky initiative.[10] ATR's senior vice-president for engineering Alessandro Amendola indicated that the elimination of all uses of bleed air was a key aim in the designing of an all-electric architecture as well as improving engine efficiency; the minimising of peak electrical loads was also a stated priority. During March 2016, a second round of flight trials dedicated the testing of all-electric systems architecture using the demonstrator was completed; analysis is set to continue.[11]

As a consequence of strong demand for the -600 series, ATR decided to invest in the establishment of a second, more modern final assembly line and acquisition of more hangar space at its Toulouse site, along with a new large completion and delivery area; overall, the manufacturing operation expanded to four times the footprint that it had in 2005.[3] Speaking in October 2015, ATR CEO Patrick de Castelbajac stated that the firm was set to produce in excess of 90 aircraft that year, and that the new manufacturing facilities could support a production rate of up to 120 per year. At the time, the company had a backlog of orders for 300 aircraft, sufficient for three years of production.[3] During 2017, a new in-house financing and leasing division was established by ATR in order to offer customers a greater degree of support and expand the company's range of services.[4]

In December 2015, the EASA approved a new high-density seating layout, raising the maximum capacity from 74 to 78 seats.[12] During the 2021 Dubai Airshow in mid-November 2021, ATR debuted the new ATR 72-600 engine which is powered by new PW127XT powerplants with 20% lower maintenance cost and 3% lower fuel consumption than the predecessor PW127M powerplant.[13]

An ATR prior to painting at Toulouse

Considerable emphasis has been placed upon the continuous development of ATR's aircraft models.[4] Speaking at the Farnborough Airshow in July 2016, the CEO of ATR Patrick de Castelbajac stated that the company was currently examining the possibility of replacing the current Pratt & Whitney Canada PW127 engine with either a new offer from P&WC, or a GE38 derivative from GE Aviation.[14] Although expressing satisfaction with the PW127 engine and its supplier, Castelbajac noted the design's age and the need to remain competitive with the latest regional jets. To be a worthwhile exercise, any re-engine exercise would require a 15 per cent improvement in fuel-burn and 20-25 per cent reduction of direct maintenance costs. Additionally, Castelbajac sees the potential re-engine as a "bridge" to the eventual development of a larger 100-seat aircraft.[14]

AirSerbia ATR 72-600 fleet.jpg

During the mid-2010s, reports emerged that the development of a further stretched 90-seat ATR model was under consideration as well; allegedly, shareholder Airbus was relatively unenthusiastic on proceeding with such a development, while Airbus CEO Fabrice Brégier favoured a focus on resolving manufacturing issues.[3][15] However, in January 2018, ATR's parent company Leonardo announced that the 100-seat program has been formally brought to a close.[16]


A Pratt & Whitney Canada PW100 series engine

The ATR 72 is a turboprop-powered regional airliner, capable of accommodating a maximum of 78 passengers. It is powered by a pair of Pratt & Whitney Canada PW100 turboprop engines, which drive an arrangement of four or six-bladed propellers supplied by Hamilton Standard. Earlier models of the ATR 72 are equipped with the older PW124B engine, rated at 2,400 shaft horsepower (1,800 kW), while later-built aircraft are powered by the newer PW127 engine, rated at a maximum of 2,750 shp to achieve improved "hot and high" takeoff performance. It can land and takeoff in high airports with short runways like Andorra Airport. It employs carbonfibres for 30% of the wing by weight, for a 20% weight reduction.[17]

In a standard configuration, the aircraft does not have an auxiliary power unit; when present it is installed within the C4 cargo section. Most operators of the ATR 72 equip their aircraft with a propeller brake (referred to as "Hotel Mode") that stops the propeller on the No. 2 (right) engine, allowing the turbine to continue running and provide both airflow and electrical power to the aircraft while on the ground.

In the majority of configurations, passengers board the ATR 72 using the rear door, a relatively unusual configuration for a passenger aircraft, while the front door is typically used for the loading and unloading of cargo; early customer Finnair intentionally ordered its ATR 72s with a front passenger door so that it could utilize the jet bridges at Helsinki Airport, while operator Air New Zealand's standard rear door aircraft can use jet bridges at airports with this equipment.[citation needed] While passengers are boarding or disembarking the aircraft, a tail stand is set into place as standard procedure to guard against the aircraft nose lifting off the ground.

Operational history[edit]

2011 was a record-breaking year for sales at ATR.[18] According to ATR's CEO Filippo Bagnato, sales had continued to grow during the Great Recession despite the downturn experienced by most aviation companies as "fuel consumption that can be half that of the alternatives and [with] lower maintenance costs". Bagnato noted the strength of Africa as a market for the type, as well at the firm's aircraft being capable of serving destinations that would otherwise be inaccessible to other aircraft due to the austere conditions of many airstrips and runways in the region, as well as the ability to operate autonomously without any reliance upon ground support equipment.[18]

For 2013, ATR claimed a 48 percent global market share for regional aircraft deliveries between 50 and 90 seats (comprising both turboprops and jets), making it the dominant manufacturer in this market segment.[15] That same year, during which firm orders for 10 ATR 42-600s and 79 ATR 72-600s were recorded, leasing companies were responsible for 70 per cent of these; according to ATR's CEO Filippo Bagnato: "Years ago, we were not even considered by the lessors; now they see ATRs as a good investment".[15] Several major leasing companies operate their own ATR fleets, such as Dubai Aerospace Enterprise (DAE), who placed an order for 20 ATR 72s along with options for another 20 in February 2014,[19] and Nordic Aviation Capital (NAC), who ordered a fleet of 30 ATR 72s during June 2013, along with options for up to 55 further airliners.[20] Placing their first order during 2011, by December 2012, Singaporean leasor Avation had a combined total of 20 ATR 72s on order;[21] by February 2016, the number on order for Avation had risen to 35 aircraft.[22]

During May 1997, ATR achieved their first breakthrough sale in China, placed by operator China Xinjiang Airlines and the Civil Aviation Administration of China (CAAC).[5] By 2013, while the Asia Pacific region had comprised the majority of ATR's sales when geographically ranked; however, orders from Chinese airlines remained elusive; Bagnato ascribed this anomaly to local market conditions dictating the typical use of larger aircraft, as well as a Chinese government policy of imposing high tariffs on the import of foreign-built fixed-wing aircraft.[15] During late 2014, ATR set up a new office in Beijing and hired several former Airbus sales personnel with the aim of launching the type in the Chinese market. ATR believed that many of the already-flown routes did not suit larger 150-seat aircraft; however, of the roughly 2,600 commercial aircraft flying in China at that time, only 68 had a capacity of less than 90 seats and of these, fewer than 20 were powered by turboprop engines.[23]

In response to airlines often wanting to replace their early production ATR models with the latest generation ATR series, as well as to answer demand from cargo operators for the type, ATR has operated two separate dedicated freighter conversion programmes, known as the Bulk Freighter (tube version) and the ULD Freighter.[24] Both conversions involve complete stripping of furnishings along with the addition of floor strengthening, new window plugs and 9 g restraining nets, six additional longitudinal tracks for added flexibility, and an E-Class cabin; the ULD model can accommodate standard ULD-packaged cargo, such as LD3 containers or 2.2 by 2.7 metres (88 by 108 in) pallets, which were loaded via a large cargo door located on the port forward side. Undertaken by a range of companies, such as Alenia subsidiary Aeronavali, Texas-based M7 Aerospace; French firms Indraéro Siren and Aeroconseil, Canadian Infinion Certification Engineering, and Spanish company Arrodisa, by October 2012, in excess of one-fifth of all first-generation ATR 42 and ATR 72 aircraft had already been converted to freighters.[24]

Iran Air[edit]

During February 2016, ATR signed a deal with flag carrier Iran Air for a batch of 20 ATR 72-600s, along with options for 20 more aircraft and post-purchase services, such as engine maintenance.[25] Made possible by a negotiated relaxation of international sanctions against Iran, during June 2017, a €1 billion Iranian contract was finalized for the firm 20 airliners and 20 options;[26][27][28] the delivery of the first four aircraft occurred within weeks of the deal being completed.[29] US sanctions against Iran were reimposed in August 2018, by which time 13 of the order of 20 aircraft had been delivered. In April 2019 the US Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) issued a two-year licence to ATR to allow it to supply spare parts and other essentials to keep the fleet of 13 ATR 72-600s in operation. However, the remaining 7 ATR 72-600s from the 2016 order remain sanctioned and in storage.[30]

Turkish Navy[edit]

While primarily used as a civil aircraft, some ATR 72s have been adapted to perform in various military functions, such as utility aircraft and maritime patrol aircraft (MPA). The Turkish Navy, which initially decided to purchase ten ATR 72-500 MPA, later changed its order to eight aircraft: Two ATR 72-600 TMUA (Turkish Maritime Utility Aircraft)[31] versions, and six ATR 72-600 TMPA (Turkish Maritime Patrol Aircraft for MP/ASW/ASuW duties)[31] versions.[32][33] The armed ATR 72 TMPA variant was developed in cooperation with Turkish Aerospace Industries (TAI), and incorporated additional sensors and mission systems to perform its intended combat role.[34] During 2013, the two ATR 72-600 TMUA aircraft were delivered to the Turkish Navy.[35] The first ATR 72-600 TMPA was delivered in December 2020 and the second one in March 2021 was already in service with Turkish Navy.[31][36] As of May 2021, 3 ATR 72-600 TMUA aircraft are being operated by the Turkish Navy.[37]

Italian Air Force[edit]

The Italian Air Force selected the ATR 72-600 MP,[38] designated as the P-72A, to serve as a multirole maritime patrol, electronic surveillance and C4 platform. The original Italian requirement for a Breguet Atlantic replacement had also called for ASW and anti-surface warfare (ASuW) capabilities, however, during 2014, the contract was renegotiated to a configuration that excluded these capabilities.[34] An anticipated variant for ASW and ASuW operations may later be pursued; accordingly, provisions were made to allow for the four P-72As on order to be adapted to the ASW configuration.[39] In December 2016, the first pair of P-72A aircraft were delivered to the Italian Air Force.[34] The last aircraft was delivered to the Italian Air Force in February 2021.[40]

Guardia di Finanza[edit]

A single ATR 72 MP was ordered by Italy's paramilitary Guardia di Finanza (GdF) in July 2019, followed by an order for a further three ATR 72s in October 2019. The aircraft, called P-72B by Guardia di Finanza,[41] will supplement the GdF's existing force of four ATR-42s in the border surveillance, maritime patrol and search and rescue roles.[42]

FedEx Express[edit]

On 8 November 2017, FedEx Express launched the -600 cargo variant with 30 firm orders plus 20 options, in a freighter configuration from the factory.[43]

As of September 2018, 187 early variants had been produced with 172 operated by 55 carriers, 365 -500s were delivered with more than 350 in service at 75 operators, 444 -600s were produced and are operated by 74 carriers with a backlog of 231 orders. By then, with more than 60 -500s and 40 -600s in storage, new aircraft leases fell to $130,000 per month from $170,000. The -600 list price of $26.8M is typically discounted by 25% for a $20.1M value, a 2012 aircraft is valued $13.3M and leased $115,000, falling to $10.2M and $100,000 in 2021, a D check costs $0.5M and the engine overhaul costs $0.3-1.0M.[44]

Failed bids[edit]


The ATR 72 was a candidate to replace the German Navy's P-3, at least as a stopgap solution from 2025 to 2032.[45] Germany ultimately selected the P-8A Poseidon in 2021.[46]


Early ATR 72-200/210 series have four-bladed propellers
Later ATR 72-500/600 series have six-bladed propellers
An ATR 72-600 cockpit
ATR 72-600 cabin

ATR 72-100[edit]

Two sub-types were marketed as the 100 series (-100).

ATR 72-101
Initial production variant with front and rear passenger doors, powered by two PW124B engines and certified in September 1989.
ATR 72-102
Initial production variant with a front cargo door and a rear passenger door, powered by two PW124B engines and certified in December 1989.

ATR 72-200[edit]

Two sub-types were marketed as the 200 series (-200). The -200 was the original production version, powered by Pratt & Whitney Canada PW124B engines rated at 2,400 shp (1,800 kW).[47]

ATR 72-201
Higher maximum take-off weight variant of the -101, a PW124B-powered variant certified in September 1989.
ATR 72-202
Higher maximum take-off weight variant of the -102, a PW124B-powered variant certified in December 1989.

ATR 72-210[edit]

Two sub-types were marketed as the 210 series (-210): the -211 (and with an enlarged cargo door, called the -212) is a -200 with PW127 engines producing 2,750 shp (2,050 kW) each for improved performance in hot and high-altitude conditions. The sub-types differ in the type of doors and emergency exits

ATR 72-211
PW127-powered variant certified in December 1992.
ATR 72-212
PW127-powered variant certified in December 1992.

ATR 72-212A[edit]

Certified in January 1997 and fitted with either PW127F or PW127M engines, the -212A is an upgraded version of the -210 using six-bladed propellers on otherwise identical PW127F engines. Other improvements include higher maximum weights and superior performance, as well as greater automation of power management to ease pilot workload.

ATR 72-500
Initial marketing name for the ATR 72-212A.
ATR 72-600
Marketing name for ATR 72-212A with different equipment fit. The -600 series aircraft was announced in October 2007; the first deliveries were planned for the second half of 2010.[48][49] The prototype ATR 72-600 first flew on 24 July 2009; it had been converted from an ATR 72-500.[50]
The ATR 72-600 features several improvements. It is powered by the new PW127M engines, which enable a 5% increase in takeoff power via a "boost function" used only when called for by takeoff conditions. The flight deck features five wide LCD screens (improving on the EFIS of earlier versions). A multi-purpose computer (MPC) aims at increasing flight safety and operational capabilities, and new Thales-made avionics provide Required Navigation Performance (RNP) capabilities. It also features lighter seats and larger overhead baggage bins. In December 2015, the EASA approved a new high-density seating layout, raising the maximum capacity from 74 to 78 seats.[51]
During the 2021 Dubai Airshow in mid-November 2021, ATR debuted the new ATR 72-600 engine which is powered by new PW127XT powerplants with 20% lower maintenance cost and 3% lower fuel consumption than the predecessor PW127M powerplant.[52]

ATR 72-600 HighLine Editions[edit]

The ATR 72-600 HighLine is the same as the ATR 72-600 however it featured an executive cabin layout.

ATR 72MP[edit]

ATR 72MP of Italian Air Force

The ATR 72MP is an ATR 72-600 derivative developed by Leonardo for search and rescue, maritime patrol, command and control, communication, computers, intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (C4ISR). Leonardo Electronics designed its Airborne Tactical Observation and Surveillance (ATOS) backbone to manage its sensors, combine their output in a tactical situation presented on up to four workstations.

The main sensors are

A tactical display is added to the glass cockpit and can be integrated with INS/GPS positioning systems and IFF transponder. Three U/VHF radios, one HF radio and a wideband SATCOM are used for communications. Other sensors, systems and communications equipment can be integrated, like an electronic support measure (ESM) system. A defensive aids sub-system (DASS) is optionally available for operation in hostile areas.[38]

The ATR 72 ASW integrates the ATR 72 MP (Maritime Patrol) mission system with similar on-board equipment, but with additional anti-submarine warfare (ASW) capabilities. A variant of the -600[38] (itself a version of the maritime patrol model of the ATR 42-600)[38] is also in production.[53] For the ASW and ASuW missions, it is armed with lightweight aerial torpedoes.[54][31] They are equipped with the Thales AMASCOS (Airborne Maritime Situation and Control System) surveillance system as well as electronic warfare and reconnaissance systems, enabling the type to perform maritime search and rescue duties.[55]
ATR 72-600 MAR
The ATR 72-600 MAR is an unarmed maritime surveillance version equipped with ELI-3360MPA system designed by Elbit Systems for the Philippine Air Force. Its capabilities are airborne ocean surface surveillance, telemetry recording and relay. Modified with AN/APS-143 Multi-Mode X-Band Maritime Surveillance Radar with Integrated IFF Interrogator to detect objects in the West Philippine Sea and Benham Rise, the aircraft can detect a person in a life raft up to 128 km away in the water. It downlinks this telemetry data to a ground-based surveillance center which is to be integrated to the National Coast Watch Center system. It has the capability to relay four airborne UHF frequencies over the horizon to ground sites. Additional Mission Management System (MMS), L-3 Wescam MX-20HD electro-optical sensor system for intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) and Signals Intelligence (SIGINT) capabilities.[56][57]
A purpose-built freighter variant of the -600, 8 November 2017 launch with 30 firm orders from FedEx plus 20 options.[43] The first flight of the variant took place on 16 September 2020;[58] it was EASA certified by early December.[59] In December 2020, FedEx Express received the first one of its order of 30, to be operated by ASL Airlines Ireland between Paris Charles de Gaulle and the Czech Republic.[60] FedEx should receive six aircraft per year until 2025, later freighters will fly in the US and in Latin America.[60] Compared to the passenger airliner, windows are removed, the floor is reinforced and a large front cargo door is added to load seven LD3 containers.[60] ATR forecasts a market for 460 converted or new-build turboprop freighters over 20 years.[60]

Other versions[edit]

A FedEx Express Bulk Freighter with its cargo door open and parking tail stand in place
Bulk Freighter (tube versions) and ULD Freighter (Large Cargo Door). ATR unveiled a large cargo door modification for all ATR 72 at Farnborough 2002, coupled with a dedicated cargo conversion. FedEx, DHL, and UPS all operate the type.[61]
Purpose-Built ATR 72-600F first flight on 16 September 2020
A VIP version of the -500 is available with a luxury interior for executive or corporate transport.[62]
ATR 82
During the mid-1980s, the company investigated a 78-seat derivative of the ATR 72. This would have been powered by two Allison AE2100 turboprops (turbofans were also studied for a time) and would have had a cruising speed as high as 330 knots (610 km/h; 380 mph). The ATR-82 project (as it was dubbed) was suspended when AI(R) was formed in early 1996.[63]
ATR also studied a turbofan version of the proposed ATR 82 (stretched version of the ATR 72) in the early 1990s. Powered by either the Allison GMA 3012 or the General Electric CF34, the aircraft would have a range of about 1,000 nmi (1,900 km; 1,200 mi) and cruise at 375 kn (694 km/h; 432 mph) at an altitude of 25,000 ft (7,600 m).[64]
ATR Quick Change
This proposed version targeted the increasing demand of worldwide cargo and express mail markets, where the aim is to allow operators to supplement their passengers flights with freighter flights. In Quick Change configuration, the smoke detector is equipped alongside other modifications required in order to meet the certification for full freight operations. The aircraft was equipped with a larger cargo door (1.27 m [50 in] wide and 1.52 m [60 in] high) and low door-sill height of an average 1.2 m (4 ft), facilitating containerised freight loading. It takes 30 minutes to convert the ATR 42, and 45 minutes to convert the ATR 72. Each optimized container has 2.8 m3 (99 cu ft) of usable volume and maximum payload is 435 kg (960 lb).[65]

Major operators[edit]

A Wings Air ATR 72

Civilian operations[edit]

As of September 2022

See List of ATR 72 operators. Primary ATR 72 airline operators (with 15 aircraft or more) were:

Military operators[edit]


Accidents and incidents[edit]

Bangkok Airways Flight 266 remains

The ATR 72 has been involved in 66 aviation accidents and incidents,[83] including 40 hull losses,[84] resulting in 470 fatalities.[85] As of January 2023, there have been 12 accidents with at least one fatality reported. The most recent fatal accident was Yeti Airlines Flight 691, which also is the deadliest ATR 72 accident with 72 casualties.[86]

Accidents with fatalities[85]
Date Flight Fat. Surv. Location Event
31 Oct 1994 American Eagle 4184 68 0 United States, near Roselawn, IN Crashed due to icing.
30 Jan 1995 TransAsia 510A 4 0 Taiwan, near Taipei Crashed into a hillside, the four crew were killed.[87]
21 Dec 2002 TransAsia 791 2 0 Taiwan, near Makung City Crashed due to icing, both crew died.[88]
6 Aug 2005 Tuninter 1153 16 23 Italy, near Palermo Ditch due to fuel exhaustion caused by inappropriate indicators.[89]
4 Aug 2009 Bangkok Airways 266 1 71 Thailand, Koh Samui Airport Skid into a disused tower, killing the captain.
4 Nov 2010 Aero Caribbean 883 68 0 Cuba, near Guasimal Crashed due to icing and bad crew decisions.[90][91]
2 Apr 2012 UTair 120 33 10 Russia, Tyumen Airport Crashed soon after takeoff.[92] Incorrect deicing procedures.
16 Oct 2013 Lao Airlines 301 49 0 Laos, near Pakse Airport Crash into the Mekong while on approach.[93]
23 Jul 2014 TransAsia 222 48 10 Taiwan near Magong Airport Crash while landing.[94]
4 Feb 2015 TransAsia 235 43 15 Taiwan, Keelung near Taipei Engine failed after takeoff, crashed into water upside down after remaining engine shut down by accident.
18 Feb 2018 Iran Aseman 3704 66 0 Iran, near Yasuj Airport Crash into Mount Dena.[95]
15 Jan 2023 Yeti Airlines 691 72 0 Nepal, Pokhara Crashed while landing after banking sharply to the left with feathered propellers.[96]


Line drawings of ATR 72 and shorter ATR 42 aircraft
Model ATR 72-200[97] ATR-72-210[98] ATR 72-500[99] ATR 72-600[100]
Crew 4
Capacity 66@31" 72@29"
Length 27.17 m

(89 ft 2 in)

Height 7.65 m

(25 ft 1 in)

Wingspan 27.05 m

(88 ft 9 in)

Wing area 61.0 m2(665 sq ft)
Aspect Ratio 12
Width 2.57 m

(8 ft 5 in) (cabin, maximum)

Max takeoff


22,000 kg

(48,501 lb)

22,800 kg

(50,265 lb)



12,400 kg

(27,337 lb)

12,450 kg

(27,447 lb)

12,950 kg

(28,549 lb)

13,010 kg

(28,682 lb)

Max payload 7,000 kg

(15,432 lb)

7,550 kg

(16,645 lb)

Max fuel 5,000 kg

(11,023 lb)

Engines (2x) PW124B PW127 PW127F/M PW127M/N/XT
Unit power 2,400 SHP 2,750 SHP
High speed


278 kn

(515 km/h)

279 kn

(517 km/h)

275 kn

(510 km/h)

Ceiling 7,600 m

(25,000 ft)


(Max pax)

862 nmi 791 nmi 772 nmi 758 nmi


1,409 m

(4623 ft)

1,211 m

(3973 ft)

1,224 m

(4,016 ft)

1,279 m

(4,196 ft)



1,036 m

(3,399 ft)

902 m

(2,959 ft)

899 m

(2,949 ft)

915 m

(3,002 ft)

See also[edit]

Related development

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era



  1. ^ "ATR delivers 1,000th ATR 72, best-selling regional aircraft in production today Tuesday" (Press release). ATR. 17 July 2018. Archived from the original on 19 July 2018. Retrieved 19 July 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "Milestones". ATR. Archived from the original on 9 December 2015. Retrieved 9 December 2015.
  3. ^ a b c d Sheppard, Ian. "ATR Continues To Drive Turboprop Revolution." Archived 30 July 2017 at the Wayback Machine AIN Online, 8 November 2015.
  4. ^ a b c Sheppard, Ian. "ATR Creates Leasing, Asset Management & Freighter Unit." Archived 30 July 2017 at the Wayback Machine AIN Online, 7 June 2017.
  5. ^ a b c "Milestones". ATR. 2006. Archived from the original on 17 October 2006.
  6. ^ "ATR: record year in terms of sales, deliveries, turnover and backlog" (Press release). ATR. 21 January 2015. Archived from the original on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 9 December 2015.
  7. ^ David Kaminski-Morrow (9 May 2017). "IndiGo tentatively signs for 50 ATRs". Flight Global. Archived from the original on 30 July 2017. Retrieved 9 May 2017.
  8. ^ "Defense & Security Intelligence & Analysis: IHS Jane's — IHS". Retrieved 26 December 2014.
  9. ^ "Photos: ATR ATR-42-600 Aircraft Pictures". Airliners.net. Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 26 December 2014.
  10. ^ Polek, Gregory. "ATR's “Green” Demonstrator Takes Flight." Archived 26 September 2015 at the Wayback Machine AIN Online, 8 July 2015.
  11. ^ Dubois, Thierry. "ATR Studies All-Electric Architecture for Turboprops." Archived 30 July 2017 at the Wayback Machine AIN Online, 22 March 2016.
  12. ^ Polek, Gregory. "ATe 72-600 Wins EASA Nod for High-density Cabin." Archived 22 December 2015 at the Wayback Machine AIN Online, 8 December 2015.
  13. ^ Buyck, Cathy. "ATR Upgrades Turboprops with New Pratt & Whitney Engine". Aviation International News. Retrieved 6 January 2022.
  14. ^ a b "Re-engining ATR could be bridge to 100-seater – CEO". Flight global. 12 July 2016. Archived from the original on 13 July 2016. Retrieved 12 July 2016.
  15. ^ a b c d Dubois, Thierry. "ATR Wants Better Access to China Market." Archived 30 July 2017 at the Wayback Machine AIN Online, 11 February 2014.
  16. ^ "ATR parent Leonardo rules out 100-seat turboprop". Flightglobal.com. 30 January 2018. Archived from the original on 12 June 2018. Retrieved 7 June 2018.
  17. ^ "ATR72 first with carbon-fibre wing" (PDF). Flight International. 19 March 1988. Archived (PDF) from the original on 21 April 2017. Retrieved 20 April 2017.
  18. ^ a b Alcock, Charles. "ATR's Record Year Set To Get Better." Archived 30 July 2017 at the Wayback Machine AIN Online, 11 November 2011.
  19. ^ "Dubai Aerospace Enterprise Orders up to 40 ATR 72-600s." Archived 16 August 2017 at the Wayback Machine deagel.com, 12 February 2014. Retrieved: 15 April 2015.
  20. ^ "ATR scores big order at Paris, delivers Avianca ATR 72-600." Archived 29 November 2014 at the Wayback Machine Aviation International News. Retrieved: 26 December 2014.
  21. ^ Francis, Leithen. "Singapore Lessor Orders More ATR 72s." Archived 31 July 2017 at the Wayback Machine Aviation Week, 19 December 2012.
  22. ^ "Avation places $130 million aircraft order with ATR." Archived 31 July 2017 at the Wayback Machine Reuters, 16 February 2016.
  23. ^ Dubois, Thierry. "ATR Sets Sights on China." Archived 30 July 2017 at the Wayback Machine AIN Online, 14 February 2016.
  24. ^ a b Endres, Günter. "IN FOCUS: Recession woes continue at small end of cargo conversion market." Archived 30 July 2017 at the Wayback Machine Flight International, 26 October 2012.
  25. ^ "Iran signs deal to buy 20 more airplanes." Archived 3 February 2016 at the Wayback Machine The Washington Post, 2 February 2016.
  26. ^ "ATR signs a major agreement with Iran Air for 40 ATR 72-600s". ATR. Retrieved 16 January 2023.
  27. ^ Hepher, Tim (13 April 2017). "Europe's ATR says completes deal selling 20 planes to IranAir". Reuters. Archived from the original on 13 April 2017. Retrieved 13 April 2017.
  28. ^ Polek, Gregory. "ATR, Iran Air Seal $536 Million Deal for 20 ATR 72-600s." Archived 30 July 2017 at the Wayback Machine AIN Online, 11 April 2017.
  29. ^ Polek, Gregory. "Iran Air Takes Delivery Of Its First Four ATR 72-600s." Archived 30 July 2017 at the Wayback Machine AIN Online, 16 May 2017.
  30. ^ "Iran Air Receives Vital Spares". Airliner World. October 2019: 16.
  31. ^ a b c d "First P-72 Maritime Patrol Aircraft Delivered to Turkish Naval Forces Under the MELTEM-3 Project". defenceturkey.com. Retrieved 25 March 2021.
  32. ^ "ATR 72-600 TMPA: The new generation maritime patrol aircraft for the Turkish Navy." Archived 22 September 2013 at the Wayback Machine navyrecognition.com, 11 May 2013. Retrieved: 15 April 2015.
  33. ^ "Raytheon to provide torpedo integration for Turkish Navy ATR-72-600ASW maritime patrol aircraft". 17 July 2014. Archived from the original on 26 July 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
  34. ^ a b c Pocock, Chris. "Leonardo Delivers ATR 72 Maritime Patrollers to Italy." Archived 31 July 2017 at the Wayback Machine AIN Online, 20 December 2016.
  35. ^ "Turkish navy receives first utility-roled ATR 72-600." Archived 3 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine Reed Business Information Limited, Retrieved: 26 December 2014.
  36. ^ "TAI Delivers Second Locally-Converted Leonardo ATR-72 ASW Patrol Aircraft to Navy". defenseworld.net. Retrieved 25 March 2021.
  37. ^ "Third Aircraft in MELTEM-3 Project Commenced Service with a Ceremony". RayHaber | RaillyNews. 10 May 2021. Retrieved 10 May 2021.
  38. ^ a b c d "Brochure ATR 72MP, sito internet Leonardo" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 4 September 2021.
  39. ^ Perry, Dominic. "Alenia Aermacchi P-72A MPA tests near completion." Archived 30 July 2017 at the Wayback Machine Flight International, 13 October 2015.
  40. ^ "41° Stormo, Sigonella: consegnato il quarto velivolo P72A". aeronautica.difesa.it (in Italian). Retrieved 25 March 2021.
  41. ^ "First two P-72Bs delivered to Italy's Guardia di Finanza". leonardocompany.com. Retrieved 25 March 2021.
  42. ^ a b Pittaway, Nigel (December 2019). "Guardia di Finanza orders more ATR 72MPs". Air International. Vol. 97, no. 6. p. 13. ISSN 0306-5634.
  43. ^ a b "FedEx Express buys up to 50 new ATR 72-600F freighters Wednesday" (Press release). ATR. 8 November 2017. Archived from the original on 8 November 2017. Retrieved 8 November 2017.
  44. ^ Aircraft Value News (12 November 2018). "Market for ATR72-600s Weakens with Age". Archived from the original on 14 November 2018. Retrieved 14 November 2018.
  45. ^ "Bundeswehr sucht neue Seefernaufklärer".
  46. ^ "Germany signs deal to procure five Boeing P-8A Poseidon aircraft".
  47. ^ "ATR 72-200." Archived 2 February 2007 at the Wayback Machine atraircraft.com. Retrieved: 15 April 2015.
  48. ^ "ATR 42/72-600." entrepreneur.com. Retrieved: 17 November 2012. Archived 25 June 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  49. ^ "ATR 72-600 to fly early this summer." AIN Online, Retrieved: 17 November 2012. Archived 8 March 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  50. ^ "ATR 72-600 startet zum Erstflug" (in German). Archived 4 October 2011 at the Wayback Machine Flug Revue. Retrieved: 27 July 2009.
  51. ^ Polek, Gregory. "ATe 72-600 Wins EASA Nod for High-density Cabin." Archived 22 December 2015 at the Wayback Machine AIN Online, 8 December 2015.
  52. ^ Buyck, Cathy. "ATR Upgrades Turboprops with New Pratt & Whitney Engine". Aviation International News. Retrieved 6 January 2022.
  53. ^ "ASW variant." Archived 2 February 2007 at the Wayback Machine ATR, Retrieved: 17 November 2012.
  54. ^ "Naval Air: Twins Rule The Seas." Archived 31 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine Strategypage.com, 30 December 2008. Retrieved: 20 November 2010.
  55. ^ "ATR 72-500ASW." Archived 20 November 2008 at the Wayback Machine deagel.com. Retrieved: 17 November 2012.
  56. ^ "Elbit to Supply Two Patrol Aircraft to Asia Pacific Country". Naval News. 11 July 2023.
  57. ^ Boguslavsky, Eyal (19 December 2023). "Philippine Air Force to Purchase Two Maritime Patrol Aircraft with Elbit Systems".
  58. ^ "First Ever Purpose-Built Regional Freighter Takes Flight" (Press release). ATR. 16 September 2020.
  59. ^ David Kaminski-Morrow (3 December 2020). "EASA certifies ATR 72-600 freighter". Flightglobal.
  60. ^ a b c d Dominic Perry (15 December 2020). "FedEx takes first line-built ATR 72-600 Freighter". Flightglobal.
  61. ^ "ATR Cargo Solutions." Archived 8 April 2007 at the Wayback Machine atraircraft.com. Retrieved: 17 November 2012.
  62. ^ "ATR Corporate Version." Archived 14 November 2008 at the Wayback Machine atr.fr. Retrieved: 17 November 2012.
  63. ^ "ATR 82 information". Archived 18 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine Airliners.net. Retrieved: 16 August 2011.
  64. ^ "Aerospatiale/Alenia studies ATR-82 turbofan". Commuter Regional Airline News. Vol. 10, no. 27. 6 July 1992. pp. 1+. ISSN 1040-5402. Gale A12332810.
  65. ^ "ATR Quick Change." Archived 20 November 2011 at the Wayback Machine ATR, Retrieved: 17 November 2012.
  66. ^ a b c d e f g h Thisdell & Seymour Flight International 30 July – 5 August 2019, p. 34
  67. ^ "Operating fleet of Indigo". Plane Spotters.
  68. ^ "Operating fleet". Air New Zealand.
  69. ^ Swiftair Fleet Details and History
  70. ^ "Type: ATR 72, Operator: Firefly". RZjets.
  71. ^ "Alliance Air Fleet". allianceair.in. Retrieved 1 August 2022.
  72. ^ "Production List".
  73. ^ "Leonardo Delivers First Two P-72As to the Italian Air Force; the Future Guardian of the Mediterranean Is Ready" (Press release). Rome: Leonardo-Finmeccanica. 13 December 2016. Archived from the original on 17 December 2016. Retrieved 13 December 2016.
  74. ^ "Pakistan Navy acquires second-hand ATR72." AirForces Monthly (Key Publishing Stamford, Lincolnshire, England), April 2013, p. 26.
  75. ^ "News". aerodata.de. Archived from the original on 20 July 2018. Retrieved 20 July 2018.
  76. ^ "Pakistan Navy receives second ATR-72 MPA". Archived from the original on 10 July 2019. Retrieved 10 July 2019.
  77. ^ Web Desk (29 September 2022). "New ATR-77 plane inducted to Pakistan Navy fleet". ARY NEWS. Retrieved 29 September 2022.
  78. ^ Hoyle, Craig. "World Air Forces Directory". Flight International, Vol. 182, No. 5370, 11–17 December 2012. ISSN 0015-3710, p. 62.
  79. ^ "Alenia Aermacchi delivers first ATR72-600 TMUA to Turkish Navy." Archived 19 August 2013 at the Wayback Machine navyrecognition.com, 24 July 2013. Retrieved: 15 April 2015.
  80. ^ "Leonardo signs contract with Malaysia for two ATR 72 MPA". leonardo.com. Retrieved 22 October 2023.
  81. ^ Kadidal, Akhil (25 July 2023). "Philippines confirms LRPA acquisition". Janes. Archived from the original on 22 October 2023. Retrieved 22 October 2023.
  82. ^ "Elbit and the Long Range Patrol Aircraft (LRPA) Project of the Philippine Air Force". Pitz Defense Analysis. 10 September 2023. Archived from the original on 22 October 2023. Retrieved 22 October 2023.
  83. ^ "Accident list: ATR 72". Flight Safety Foundation. Retrieved 17 January 2023.
  84. ^ "Accident list: ATR 72 (losses)". Flight Safety Foundation. Retrieved 17 January 2023.
  85. ^ a b "occurrences in the ASN safety database". Flight Safety Foundation. Retrieved 17 January 2023.
  86. ^ "ATR-72 Statistics". Flight Safety Foundation.
  87. ^ "Accident description of TransAsia Airways incident." Archived 14 March 2014 at the Wayback Machine Aviation Safety Network (ASN), 30 January 1995. Retrieved: 6 August 2014.
  88. ^ "Council-Occurrence Investigations." Archived 26 July 2014 at the Wayback Machine Aviation Safety, Retrieved: 17 November 2012.
  89. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident ATR-72-202 TS-LBB Palermo-Punta Raisi Airport (PMO)." Archived 17 December 2017 at the Wayback Machine Aviation-safety.net, Retrieved: 20 November 2010.
  90. ^ "Accident description." Archived 8 November 2010 at the Wayback Machine Aviation-safety.net. Retrieved: 5 November 2010.
  91. ^ "Cuban plane crash kills all 68 aboard." Archived 6 November 2010 at the Wayback Machine Cbc.ca, 5 November 2010. Retrieved: 20 November 2010.
  92. ^ " До 33 возросло число жертв авиакатастрофы под Тюменью Increased to 33 the number of victims of the crash near Tyumen." Archived 17 May 2017 at the Wayback Machine ITAR-TASS News Agency. Retrieved: 17 November 2012.
  93. ^ "Laos crash: 49 dead as plane goes down in Mekong River." Archived 18 July 2018 at the Wayback Machine BBC News, 16 October 2013.
  94. ^ "Taiwan plane crash kills 48, injures 10." Archived 26 July 2014 at the Wayback Machine cnn.com, 24 July 2014. Retrieved: 15 April 2015.
  95. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident ATR 72-212 EP-ATS Yasuj Airport (YES)". aviation-safety.net. Archived from the original on 20 February 2018. Retrieved 25 February 2018.
  96. ^ Sharma, Gopal (16 January 2023). "Search resumes for four people missing in Nepal after deadly air crash". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 16 January 2023.
  97. ^ "ATR 72-200 Data Summary" (PDF). ATR. Retrieved 15 May 2024.
  98. ^ "ATR 72-210 Data Summary" (PDF). ATR. Retrieved 15 May 2024.
  99. ^ "ATR 72-500 Data Summary" (PDF). ATR. Retrieved 15 May 2024.
  100. ^ "ATR 72-600 Data Summary" (PDF). ATR. Retrieved 15 May 2024.

External links[edit]